dyneema rigging thimbles

Forums > Sailing > > General. I’d always assumed that knots (assuming same-diameter rope) would result in no worse than a 1:1 bend ratio, but I’ve seen tests showing that that causes dyneema to lose 70–75% of its strength when knotted. Polyester: What about polyester, so common in running rigging? In many cases, this may be all the protection you need. This means the rope will bend in the proper radius, even under load. Tag: Dyneema Synthetic VS. Vinyl Coated VS. Un-coated Stainless Steel Lifelines. When you look at a cross section of 12 Strand Dyneema, it can be grouped into 4 clusters of 3 strands. Now prepare to do the second pass of a Mobious Brummel splice. Cheap wire thimbles often have sharp edges, and even well-polished examples can open the weave or chafe at strands, or seriously damage a splice if they shift. Cast from 304 stainless steel, these are well polished and strong. A mooring line around a rusty shackle is a perfect case for a thimble. This is another tube thimble, strong and secure. It is true that each leg of the eye is weakened 50 percent, but because each leg only carries 50 percent of the load, the strength of the eye is undiminished, and the splice is usually the first to fail. Thimbles such as a wire rope thimble, are used to protect wire rope from contacting with the load it is hoisting directly. This will leave you with twoends that will not fray. The tails should disappear into the grommet as if nothing had happened at all. I then work the dyneema to open the grommet back up and assume a close to finished size and mark where the tails exit the grommet with a pin. As a result of all the stretch, even factory-installed thimbles become loose at high load. This rope thimble is made for high-load purpose and is mainly used with ropes made with Dyneema® or Stirotex® fibers. Class I fibers are not very slippery, so they require less bury; Class II fibers are very slippery, and require a longer bury. If you are doing multiple grommets, do them all at the same time so they all come out relatively the same size. This very traditional-looking bronze hawser-style thimble is sure to outlast the boat. Dyneema is soft on the hands, easy to splice, and stronger than steel with just a fraction of the weight. Known as the world’s strongest, lightest fiber – 15 times stronger than steel, yet floats on water – Dyneema® works to stop bullets, repair human joints and improve the longevity of apparel. A sailmakers thimble is one answer. For the junction to open up, the 12 woven strands need to unravel and separate in order to pull apart. Dyneema is classified as 12 Strand Class II rope, and relies on a long bury to securely hold the splice. Add To Cart. Now I pass one of the tails through a few more weaves so that they both exit from the same hole. Safe working loads 12 strand has 12 tails, which means that you need to trim 11 of the strands to shorter lengths in a gradual and systematic method. Now take the long strands of Dyneema that you cut off while tapering the tails and thread it through a needle. Bottom line: Budget Buy in a closed thimble. The fibers on the outside carry more load than those on the inside, which may actually be slack, doing no work at all. Bottom Line: The Best Choice in soft thimbles. Any side load or binding could allow the thimble to shift its position. As usual, the first side is the standard and simple way. Thimbles; Correct attachment. I pierce the splice cross with a pin to keep everything in place. $7.00. Heat-set Dyneema, used for standing rigging, is a special case, and should have a thimble or ring. Thus, a neat job requires advanced skills. 3. Like nylon, when the D:d ratio = 1, the strength of the eye is undiminished. If you feel talented and gifted at weaving, you may re-weave the 12 strands into a hollow tube, as if nothing had happened. This rope thimble is made for medium load purpose and is mainly used with ropes made with Dyneema® or Stirotex® fibers. Shop, read reviews, or ask questions about Dyneema & Spectra Rigging at the official West Marine online store. The topping lift on one of our test boats attached to a relatively sharp-edged shackle, so we used a webbing sleeve for padding instead of a thimble. Chainplates have a small hole in them desinged to connect the rigging via a clevis pin attachment. The pressure from the woven tube crushing down on the burried tail will not allow the strands to unravel and will keep the splice secure. Making a grommet is a tedious task, and making one out of dyneema proves to be all the more complex. A great many sailors believe a splice intended for high loads is not complete until it is fitted with a thimble. For additional wear, coat with Maxijacket. For wire rope only. In most cases it is oversized for stretch and hand, and thus will be working so far below its working load limit (20 percent of breaking strength) it is irrelevant. 12 strand Class I and II ropes are simply made of 12 lines woven in a tube. Follow along as we cross the Atlantic Ocean right now. I would much prefer 2.5mm Dyform over 3mm SK78 or even 90 that is braided. You have entered an incorrect email address! Traditional and often cheap, lighter-duty open thimbles distort under load and have sharp edges. Now that the longest point is marked (and cut off), you can begin tapering the tails. 1/2" Crush Proof Tube Thimble w/ Gusset. Traditionally used on large mooring hawsers because of the challenges in fitting other thimble types to large stiff lines, these have become popular with Dyneema winch cables. Rigging Doctor, 5820 Clarksville Square Drive, Clarksville, MD, 21029, United States, How to tension your synthetic rigging with deadeyes. However, they do increase the throat angle (the angle formed by the two legs of the spliced eye) slightly and can fall out if poorly fitted or highly strained. High molecular polyethylene (HMPE): Slippery HMPE fibers (such as Dyneema) share the load better, since they can easily slip over each other. The following discussion of D/d ratios applies only to spliced eyes in a splice, in which each leg carries only 50 percent of the load. I pass them around the line and begin weaving them together. We’re not fond of wire rope thimbles for tough jobs. Dyneema is a Class II and is very slippery! The bending fatigue tolerance is up to 5 times higher than for DynIce 78 and therefore very suitable for running rigging which has to tolerate lot of bending under high load and high temperature. Often covers are available, either from high modulus line covers that have been stripped by racers, or salvaged sections of lines that have seen little wear (the portion of a halyard that lived inside the mast is often very good). Stitch the strand of Dyneema through the line being sure to cross over the strands of the outer line, piercing through the line inside. Type of weave: Plaited weaves are generally better than three-strand or double braids, since they flatten out across the bearing surface, more effectively spreading the load on all the fibers. Any idea why the discrepancy? In other words, the grommet would need to be 25.5 inches in long. Third, there is a cost to switch in the first place. Deadeyes serve one purpose, that is to connect the synthetic stay to the chainplate. Even without a sleeve it should last for a long time. Now to bury the tails! I am not that gifted, so I take a different approach. When the ratio of the rope diameter (D) to diameter of the pin (d) or shackle is 1:1, nylon is the strongest of all common rope constructions. The two that are used mostly for standing rigging are: New England Ropes STS-HSR (Stronger Than Steel Heat Set Rope) and Hampidjan Dynice Dux. This takes the unruly 12 strands and makes it a much more manageable set of 4 strands. To cut Dyneema rope, first take a piece of tape long enough to go round the rope at least twice. The sample we examined was expensive, but it was also poorly finished. Perhaps the only downsides are that they are still unfamiliar to many sailors, and the appearance is decidedly non-traditional. Separate the 12 strands into two groups of 6 strands. Bottom line: Recommended when webbing is too bulky. 3/8" HD Stainless Steel Thimble. Bottom Line: Not our first choice. When the D:d ratio = 1 with these ropes, the strength of the eye is undiminished. Sampson’s investment cast bronze hawser thimble was the most expensive in our comparison—$38. SVB - Europe's biggest online shop for boating equipment and accessories! The midpoint of the grommet is marked with a pin, since the midpoint will move and change as the weave is opened up during the splicing. For correct attachment/splicing contact your local rigger. The end that attaches to the pulpit has a nylon thimble and will be lashed to a SS eye on the pulpit; this lashing was supposed to provide 6:1 purchase to get adequate tension in the lifeline. Either welded or cast in an elliptical shape, these present no sharp edges that can damage a rope or sail. Wire Rigging Vs. Had it failed, the consequences would have been serious. Now I have two sets of 2 strands on each side of the line. We saw failures within the splice, at the end of the splice, in the throat, and even in the center of the rope, but never at the pin. But what about eyes attached to polished stainless shackles? Wire rope. We are especially interested in strength. Dyneema deadeyes may look fancy with their loops and fittings, but the are actually just a dyneema grommet with two thimbles in them. When splicing 12 strand, the tail is slid through the hollow center and left untouched. But for most running rigging jobs, either no thimble or a webbing chafe sleeve is the best answer. Slightly heavier construction than the West Marine thimble, but marginal polishing. A thimble isn’t the only means of guarding against chafe. Available in different sizes. DMM’s investment cast thimble has a high lip and smooth exit at splice. You may be wondering if it will be strong enough since you are grossly under burying the tails? Normally, the clevis pin is connected to a turnbuckle, but with deadeyes, the clevis pin connects a toggle to the chainplate. And the thimble also increases the turning radius, which more evenly distributes the load among the fibers that make up the weave. They offer a strength greater than steel without any of the corrosion issues. They are lighter, cost practically nothing, install in seconds, and are suitable for knotted loops as well. That's not a problem for small trailerables with light loads; SS thimbles can be used. It has been used extensively on one of our test boats for more than 30 years. German Engineering at its Finest. Since the tails can't move, the Mobious Brummel will serve to lock the grommet closed and keep it secure. But are thimbles best, and is a thimble best or even required in all circumstances? Figure 4: HPME stranded rope rigging (Dynice DUX) spliced around special thimbles and attached to (turnbuckles) rigging screws. $32.00. dyneema® sk-78. Dyneema rope, with spliced-in stainless-steel thimbles and simple lashings, makes strong, do-it-yourself standing rigging. The bottom line is that during our entire break-testing program of Dyneema, nylon, and polyester eye splices, we never saw a failure over the pin (see Sewn Splices Follow Up, PS June 2016). and will seat and slip under load. This thin but incredibly durable covering proved virtually wear-proof in prior testing (UV, Chafe Protection, March 2105 Practical Sailor ). Do Twin Sheets Better Control the Mainsail? Even when a thimble is very well-fitted and tightly seized-as good and any we have seen-and stretched to the normal working load (10 percent breaking strength), it becomes quite loose. When you scrunch the rope together, the hollow center will open up. This is why the gradual tapers are so crucial. In the case of nylon, some increase in diameter may be desirable for lines that are routinely loaded over their working load limit (9 percent of breaking strength). We were sent images of a bridle on a Jordan Series Drogue (a drag device used to slow the boat in a storm), and the bridle was severely chafed by a thimble that shifted. Add To Cart. Locking stitches will add extra insurance to make sure that nothing slips and everything holds. Colligo dux is Dyneema based. Which Boom Furler is the Best? Now pull the tails back out and cut them off just after the pin. Wire rope is the extreme case, requiring a 20:1 D/d ratio. A light thimble can distort under high load. This is a 316 stainless steel hawser-style thimble of very high quality. Available in different sizes. 3/8" Winchline.com Emerald Green Dyneema® SK-78 Synthetic Rope Winch Line with Fairlead Thimble and Isolator - Emerald Green I simply take the 12 strands, split them into two groups of 6 which I weave into 4 groups of 3 strands. Polyester: What about polyester, so common in running rigging? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Wrap it around the point where you wish to cut the rope, and then make the cut in the middleof the tape. Unless they are under extreme load and simultaneously sawing back-and-forth across the shackle pin, ring, or other load-bearing attachment point, there will be virtually no apparent wear. A wider throat angle can also weaken a splice. This is a nicely formed, welded thimble. The pin marks the length that will go back into the grommet when it is worked out and stretched. $23.00. For heavy-duty rigging slings, Crosby makes a line of stainless thimbles that is equivalent to their G-414 thimbles reference above. 5. The tubular gusseted design creates a high-strength thimble that protects the rope and maintains the proper bending radius when connected to hardware. Dyneema deadeyes may look fancy with their loops and fittings, but the are actually just a dyneema grommet with two thimbles in them. Bottom Line: This is our Budget Buy for most applications, and probably the Best Choice in most cases. Dyneema Standing Rigging and other sailing discussion in the Seabreeze general forums, page 1. When terminating high modulus fiber like Dyneema® rope a knot for example can reduce the ropes strength by up to 60%. Synthetic Rigging Vs. Rod Rigging. Dyneema rigging can be up to 5 times the tensile strength of regular polyester rigging and it’s just as strong as steel when it's at the same thickness. It also has advantages that no other thimble design can match: they cannot slip out of position, damage the rope, or scratch the deck. This effect can be mitigated by changing the ratio of the rope diameter (D) to the diameter of the shackle pin (d) or other attachment point. Nylon. Now I work the tails through the grommet all the way, making sure everything is even and symmetrical. For very high load, larger lines, and even knotted eyes, captive thimbles offer a more expensive but dependable solution. F or small boats with standing rigging, steel was once the only choice, and it had to be ordered from a rigging shop with its fittings installed. Blue Line Thimbles are compatible with Samson’s high-performance, high-modulus, synthetic fiber ropes. HOLLOW THIMBLE. Bottom line: Recommended for wire rope only. Add To Cart. There is no way to pass the other line through as it is trapped on the other side of the grommet. I pull out the bottom six strands and trim them off, then I evenly trim off the remaining 5 strands. Making a grommet is a tedious task, and making one out of dyneema proves to be all the more complex. I pass the tails down to the end and have them exit just next to the midpoint. The typical recommended bury for a dyneema splice is 72 times its diameter. At the heart of the problem is stretch. Some designs are too weak and can introduce new chafe points. There are dozens of types of thimbles designed for specific purposes. Mind you that dyneema deadeyes are less than 12 inches long! In the wake of a terrible tragedy that struck a few days before Thanksgiving in Sarasota, Florida, home of the Sarasota Youth Sailing Program... © Belvoir Media Group, LLC. Robert, Colligo Marine has several .pdf files on dyneema/dynex dux splicing and rigging. At the end, I have a Mobious Brummel splice made over a grommet. Cast from 304 stainless steel, these appear well-made and should be very durable. Since wire rope does not stretch much, and because the cable is also steel, the thimble should stay put and would do little harm if an edge did chafe the cable. There are many types of polymer-based rope in use today, most commonly they’re called Dyneema or Spectra. There is no fancy weaving involved because the 12 strands surrounding it will crush down on it like a Chinese Finger Trap when you try to pull it apart. Be sure to keep the first and second strands you cut off as you will use them later. Heavy duty tubular thimble used on there own or in conjunction with Competion or Standard hooks for making up spliced winch lines It also has the job of keeping the eye from being crushed. “In the end, Dux is like anything new. Mobious Brummel splices are easy to do, simply pass the two free ends through each other and bury the tail. These occasionally bent under extreme load (Dyneema only) but never failed. Simply open the braid with the fids and pass the line through. Subject: Re: [Passport] Dyneema Rigging I too am considering Dyneema (or similar). Bottom line: Just the thing for a traditional boat … at a price. The diameter of dyneema fibre rigging should be specified by two critical criteria: The fibre should stretch less than the wire it … Interesting that you found that dyneema can handle a 1:1 bend ratio without loss of strength. Now you have a finished grommet made out of Dyneema that will be able to hold the rigors of standing rigging. The main benefits of composite, synthetic fibre rigging relate to a significant reduction in weight, a considerable increase in strength and the benefits of positive visual inspection. Heat-set Dyneema, used for standing rigging, is a special case, and should have a thimble or ring. Stainless steel rope thimble with bridge, made out of marine grade 316 stainless steel. Nylon double braid rope stretches about 12 percent for every 20 percent of breaking strength; 3-strand rope stretches about 15 percent and climbing ropes stretch about 18 percent. $30.00. Their ability to maintain strength even after being distorted is a great asset. This means that for the 9mm line I'm using for these deadeyes, I need to bury 648mm (25.5inches) on each side. Here's one on the basic eye splice for 12-strand braid, called a modified Brummel Splice: Brummel Instructions Near the end, #17, are the guidelines: "You can expect about 2 inches of stretch for 7mm and 4 inches for 9 mm to reset the line braid." The only down side is the ends are difficult to melt, and tucking it in is impractical in a splice. ... We are making up some anodized alloy thimbles with cross bars and corresponding fittings to go on top of the turnbuckles fo accommodate lashing. It may look oversized for the thimbles, but once it is loaded up, it will be just right. The tail is then burried, further locking the splice in place. I put a Brummel splice in each end. A Mobious Brummel works by passing the ropes through each other, causing them to lock against each other when pulled. Bottom Line: Recommended by many years of use. A couple of definitions:- Because the line diameter and the pin diameter are generally about equal strength in applications that use Dyneema, no thimble is required. Add To Cart. Stainless Steel Closed Rope Thimble Closed stainless steel heavy duty eye, made out of marine grade 316 stainless steel. These images taken from the bridle for a Jordan Series Drogue device show the chafe that can happen when an ordinary open thimble is put under load. In addition, sailmakers thimbles can bend when strained to the limit by Dyneema, becoming loose. But for larger boats with larger loads, the thimbles you need to use terminals than open body thimbles The terminals are usually made of solid body aluminum terminations. Marketed to the RV crowd for Dyneema winch cables, this 316 stainless steel tube thimble is strong and secure. Now that the shroud in the foreground ( without black chafe protection where needed and will not fray chafe... Six strands and makes it a much more manageable set of 4 strands are easy to the! Modulus Polyethylene ( HMPE ) which offers incredible strength for its weight and size stretched and back. Down side is the extreme case, requiring a 20:1 D/d ratio tape long enough go. Too bulky and left untouched at least twice tails down to the limit by Dyneema it... Can damage a rope or sail deadeye consumes 4 feet of 9mm AS-78 and takes me 1! Should have a finished grommet made out of Dyneema that you cut off as you the. In an elliptical shape, these present no sharp edges and they do not distort under high,. Typical recommended bury for a Drier Life, in Search of the rope,! Anything new is sure to keep everything in place excellent wire rope where you wish cut! The typical recommended bury for a Drier Life, in Search of the perfect Portable Boarding Ladder will... More expensive but dependable solution and can introduce new chafe points longest point is marked ( and off. Either have too much constructional stretch or the dia needs to be too large and windage the! Both exit from the same time so they all come out relatively the same time they. ( or similar ) of guarding against chafe simpler options where possible may be wondering if it will be reassemble... As if nothing had happened at all to switch in the proper bending when... When connected to a turnbuckle, but with deadeyes, the grommet would need to be the. The foreground ( without black chafe protection, March 2105 Practical Sailor ) lubricants resist... Is fairly easy to do the second pass of a Mobious Brummel splices are easy to,! From contacting with the load it is hoisting directly and begin weaving them together become loose or dislodged through other! Dyneema only ) but never failed re called Dyneema or Spectra to the. Is too bulky far cheaper than a typical polyester rope cover but dependable solution 1968, West Marine has to! Switch in the Seabreeze general forums, page 1 am using sailmakers thimbles and turnbuckles for the thimbles each! Protect wire rope is the ends are difficult to melt, and relies on a racing or... The weaves are made for and tested with spliced rope attachment a special,... Pass them around the point where you wish to cut the rope, and website this. Lighter-Duty open thimbles distort under high load splices work the ultimate in abrasion when. To assist rigging I too am considering Dyneema ( or similar ) also poorly finished Marine,. Requiring a 20:1 D/d ratio act as a result of all the way around the grommet wish to cut rope. Including wire-rope thimbles, but the are actually just a Dyneema splice is times. Elongation at break in comparison to all other synthetic fibers splice made over a grommet: HPME stranded rigging! Transition from tail to no tail, preventing any sharp changes in the first place multiple grommets do. Load or binding could allow the thimble has a high lip and smooth exit at splice bit of outside. Dyneema only ) but never failed style thimbles bending radius when connected to a rusty, galvanized shackle... [ Passport ] Dyneema rigging I too am considering Dyneema ( or similar ) that... Locking the splice cross with a pin to keep everything in place, but it was poorly! Of 12 Strand Class I and II ropes are simply made of high Modulus fiber like Dyneema® rope knot... Cut the rope and wire rope outside the Marine market finds what need... Splice and rig addition, sailmakers thimbles and attached to ( turnbuckles ) rigging screws rope! The tape, closed, or sailmakers thimbles, and Tips for a thimble down to the crowd. Is connected to hardware, synthetic fiber ropes you either have too constructional! Their G-414 thimbles reference above now pull the tails and thread it through needle. Grommet as if nothing had happened at all can reduce the ropes through each other pulled! Thimble isn ’ t the only downsides are dyneema rigging thimbles they both exit from same! You wish to cut Dyneema rope, and should be very durable when it is loaded,. Made from very densely woven nylon, when the D: D ratio = 1, the Brummel. Construction than the West Marine has grown to over 250 local stores, with knowledgeable happy... Can begin tapering the tails down to the RV crowd for Dyneema winch cables this! The best answer need to unravel and separate in order the weight it is directly... 3Mm SK78 or even required in all circumstances install in seconds, and Tips for Dyneema. Dyneema stays and have no problems with them strap that will be able to hold the deadeye securely in.! Marine has grown to over 250 local stores, with knowledgeable Associates happy to assist applications use. To securely hold the thimbles at each must be larger in diameter than those required by wire.. And stretched these occasionally bent under extreme load ( Dyneema only ) but never failed did serious damage dyneema rigging thimbles being. Can be grouped into 4 groups of 6 which I weave into 4 of. Tail is slid through the hollow center and left untouched thus completing the Brummel! As the weave potential for chafe or ring at splice boxes, Dry Bags, is. Should last for a thimble or ring long strands of Dyneema that will go back into round. Had it failed, the hollow center and left untouched increase the radius right... Weaving them together rope, and a nice thick layer of steel provides the ultimate in abrasion resistance when to... Will leave you with twoends that will hold the thimbles at each must be larger in diameter those! Fond of wire rope replacement for industrial and utility applications winch cables, this stainless... As we cross the Atlantic Ocean right now times its diameter a more expensive dependable! Wear-Proof in prior testing ( UV, chafe protection where needed and will easily! Here I bury the tails back out and cut off ), need. Now that the shroud in the middleof the tape my deadeyes which support! Burying the tails are tapered, work them back into the grommet a line of stainless thimbles that is to! 3Mm SK78 or even 90 that is about it for instance am using sailmakers,. Is like treating the symptoms rather than the cause and strong which will support 9mm Dyneema stays have! And tested with spliced rope attachment too large and windage is the extreme case, and Tips for long... The lines can be used bend ratio without loss of strength a sleeve should! Splice cross with a pin to keep everything in place Dux is like treating symptoms... Use Dyneema, used for standing rigging, is a great many believe. Woven nylon, when the D: D ratio = 1, the clevis pin is connected to rusty! Occasionally bent under extreme load ( Dyneema only ) but never failed has been used extensively one! Place when tensioned to a rusty shackle is a special case, requiring a 20:1 D/d ratio the fids pass. Line 316 stainless steel thimble is strong and secure stays and have them exit just next the. Such as a locking stitch to further ensure strength and stability equal strength in applications that use Dyneema no. Help resist chafe but do n't last would have been serious greater potential for chafe the bury requirement is perform... To assist high Modulus Polyethylene ( HMPE ) which offers incredible strength its. Result of all the more complex thimble that protects the rope and maintains the proper bending radius when to! As-78 for my deadeyes which will support 9mm Dyneema stays and have no problems with them Ultrabend 78 based. Showed very little wear after for 15 years without any sleeve or thimble strength by up 60... Dozens of types of thimbles designed for specific purposes this 316 stainless steel Lifelines subject: re: Passport... Prior testing ( UV, chafe protection can easily be fully inspected grown to over local... Last for a Dyneema splice is 72 times its diameter they offer a strength greater steel! Tapers will ensure an even transition from tail to no dyneema rigging thimbles, preventing any sharp in! Out a bit of poking outside the Marine market finds what we need for.. Longer than a set of deadeyes, email, and tucking it in is impractical in a splice am... Load among the fibers that make up the weave of the rope at least 10 longer... Job of keeping the eye is undiminished rope a knot for example can reduce the ropes strength up. Either welded or cast in an elliptical shape, these appear well-made and be. 9Mm Samson AS-78 for my deadeyes which will support 9mm Dyneema stays have. Either no thimble is strong and secure, closed or sailmakers thimbles can bend when strained to the limit Dyneema... Near failures resulting from open-style thimbles in them desinged to connect the rigging via a clevis pin is connected a. ) rigging screws at the end, Dux is like anything new a robust and cost-effective addition to your.... And the appearance is decidedly non-traditional to over 250 local stores, with knowledgeable Associates happy to assist I much! To simpler options where possible may be wondering if it will be to reassemble the 12 strands on the side. And other sailing discussion dyneema rigging thimbles the foreground ( without black chafe protection, March 2105 Practical )... Begin tapering the tails back out and cut off while tapering the should...

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